Luke: Jesus the Perfect Man

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Jesus the Perfect Man

Seeking the lost, Saving the lost.

Background: Luke records the life of Jesus about 3 decades after his resurrection, written for Greeks
Theme: Jesus the Perfect Man
Outline: Seeking the Lost and Saving the Lost
Key Verse: "For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost." (Luke 19:10, NIV)

Luke Chapter Index


Also see the Gospel Study page for a 13 section series on the four Gospels. These notes incorporate the basic outline of the Bible Knowledge Commentary (New Testament, Vol 2).

I. The Prologue and Purpose of the Gospel (1:1-4)

II. The Births and Maturations of John and Jesus (1:5-2:52)

III. The Preparation for Jesus’ Ministry (3:1-4:13)

3:24-38  In the parallel section of Matthew 1:1-17, Mr. Barbieri (BKC) states that Luke traces the genealogy through Mary, the first of two views presented here. He states that the Shealtiel and Zerubbabel of Matthew and Luke are probably not the same men. Mr. Martin does not express this possibility at all, and states that the lines given in Matthew and Luke converge at this point and then separate. It is so commonly taught that Luke taced the line of Mary that I was not aware of the other possibility given here.

IV. The Ministry of Jesus in Galilee (4:14-9:50)

5:33 The Pharisees would also cling to the old way because they were self-righteous. They did not see themselves as sinners or in need of a Savior.

6:1-5 Both the disciples and David responded to hunger.

8:5-8 Nothing prevented anyone from asking Jesus the meaning of this parable, although only the disciples followed up and did this. They did not have the spiritual understanding to figure it out without Jesus explaining it to them. They admitted their lack of understanding and willingness to learn. By contrast, the religious leaders usually asked questions to ‘trip up’ Jesus or prove their own superiority.

V. The Journey of Jesus toward Jerusalem (9:51-19:27)

11:21-22 Mr. Martin (BKC) does not know if the overpowering of Satan was past, present, of future! In Mark 3:27 Jesus was specific, "no one can ... carry off his possessions unless he first ties up the strong man." Jesus was ‘carrying off’ the possessions by freeing the people possessed by demons, therefore he had already tied up the strong man. It is not the Millennial binding of Satan being discussed here, but the demonstration of Jesus as having overcome the power of Satan. Although not yet ultimately defeated, Jesus did overcome Satan in the temptation and it was apparent that Satan was unable to overpower Jesus.

12:4-12 The two pennies or assarion together represented about one hour’s pay. In today’s terms this is not two cents but perhaps four or five dollars, enough to buy a modest lunch.

12:22-24 Ravens were not sold because scavengers were unclean and had no value as food or sacrifice.

12:57-59 Mr. Martin (BKC) equates the leptons to the denarius, but to call the denarius a cent completely misleads us as to its value as the denarius represents a day’s wages. The leptons would perhaps equate to four or five dollars in our value system.

13:18-21 Mr. Martin (BKC) prefers the interpretation of both the growth of the tree and the spread of the yeast as representing evil influence. In the parallel passage in Matthew 13:31-35, Mr. Barbieri refutes this suggestion and presents the idea of continuous growth as the characteristic of the kingdom.

14:15-24 So it is today! Many put aside the claims of Christ on their lives, perhaps expecting that there will always be time for God later.

14:25-27 In many lands, following Jesus is perceived as abandoning one’s family as the false religion is put aside.

18:26-27 Wealth may have been a sign of God’s blessing. Unless the wealth was ill-gotten (like that of tax collectors), the rich man would have preferred seating at the synagogue and could patronize teachers of the Law, who would cater to him. The disciples, however, needed no wealth to follow Jesus.

VI. The Ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem (19:28-21:38)

19:45-46 In this and later sections, it is the courtyards of the temple that are referred to. Jesus never entered the actual main temple building containing the holy place and the most holy place as he was not descended from Levi or Aaron. There were courtyards for all (including gentiles), all Israelites (including women), and for Israelite men only.

20:27-40 This levirate obligation is demonstrated in the story of Judah and Tamar and in the book of Ruth.

20:27-40 This is an example of how Jesus interpreted the Scriptures. Even the significance of the use of the imperfect tense in Hebrew (I am and continue to be) is significant in God’s declaration of being the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

VII. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus (22-24)

22:1-4 Again, the two lepta were worth more than 1/8 of a cent in our modern value system. It was a half hour of a labor's wages, and two lepta would buy the widow a meager meal. Today, an eighth of a cent will buy nothing.

22:7-46 Mr. Martin (BKC) interprets the time of Jesus death in John to be at the time the Passover lamb was to be killed, but the commentators in the parallel sections do not. I do not agree with Mr. Martin, but take the day of preparation as it is in the NIV of John, the day of preparation for the Passover week. Both are interpretations, the word week not being in the Greek text. I also consider it unlikely that different Jews were killing their Passover lambs on different days in Jerusalem.

24:10-12 Although Peter did not believe the women’s report, he did investigate it immediately.


New Testament Survey by Merrill Tenney : Highly recommend this book for a good background to the life of Jesus and the New Testament. The first half covers background, what the world was like under Roman rule and what the conditions of the Jews were. The second half gives background, outline, and introductions to each of the New Testament books (including Acts).

Bible Background Commentary (New Testament) by Craig S. Keener : Printed by InterVarsity Press, this is an excellent one-volume resource for understanding the customs and background (history, language, and geography) behind the verses of the New Testament. It is not an interpretation of the New Testament as are most commentaries, its purpose is to give background information. I highly recommend this to the serious student of Scripture, who already has a good grasp of the meaning and application of the New Testament.

Bible Knowledge Commentary (New Testament, Volume II) by the Staff of Dallas Theological Seminary : Admittedly a 'dispensational' interpretation, meaning that the authors take the book of Revelation very literally and teach that Jesus will take the Church out of the world before the 'Tribulation Period'. Although I do not agree totally with their opinions, I have found this to be a fair commentary, also explaining the views of others which the authors do not hold. If you use my notes you will receive some insight as to where the points of disagreement are. Highly recommended as the best short commentary on the market. I am easily in agreement with 98% of what this commentary teaches, and who knows if I am right about the other 2%??

Updated by Ron Miller in March 2012
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