Obadiah: The Evil Twin

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The Evil Twin

Judgment on Edom, Restoration for Israel.

Background: The Edomites aided the enemies of Israel, either around 845 BC or 586 BC
Theme: Although a related nation, Edom gloated over Jerusalem's defeat
Outline: Judgment on Edom and Restoration for Israel
Key Verse: "The day of the LORD is near for all nations. As you have done, it will be done to you; your deeds will return upon your own head." (Obad 1:15, NIV)

The Bible Knowledge Commentary (Vol I, Old Testament) is an excellent resource and is referred to as the BKC.


There is much debate over the dating of this book. The primary question is whether the enemies Edom aided were Philistines (845 BC) or Babylonians (586 BC). The BKC states that the book fits the earlier date well (and it does), but the evidence for either date is inconclusive. The later year fits the description of the 'exiles' and their eventual return, as the Philistine oppression did not put Jews into exile. For this reason, I go with the later date when the Edomites took advantage of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians.

Edom is descended from Esau, the twin brother of Jacob (father of the twelve tribes and named Israel by the Lord).  The brother nation to the Jews would be expected to give help, or at least show compassion, during the time of Israel's suffering.  But the jealous nation stood by and gloated, and whenever they could, took advantage of the destruction caused by the enemies of Israel.

I. Edom’s Destruction (1-9)

II. Edom’s Crimes (10-14)

III. God’s Judgment on Israel’s Enemies (15-16)

IV. God’s Blessings on Israel’s People (17-21)

Please send comments or suggestions to ron@iStudyBible.com
Updated March 2012

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