Moses carried these words down from Mount Sinai, written on stone by the finger of God (Exodus 20:1-17 (NIV))
Even today, when something is negotiable we say "It isn't written in stone!" referring to this law which was written in stone and wasn't open to negotiation.
I have numbered the commandments according to the method used by most Protestants.
For Jews, it is the Ten Words or sayings (diverim), not Commandments, and the First word or saying is "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, a land of slavery", which is a statement of who God is to the Hebrew nation and is not really a command at all. The second word is the command "You shall have no other gods before me and you shall not make an image." which is the Protestants 1 and 2 combined.
For Catholics and Lutherans, The second Word of the Jewish reckoning is the first command (1 and 2 of the Protestants). They make up for this by splitting the Protestant tenth into "You shall not covet your neighbors house" as nine and coveting your neighbor's wife and other possessions as ten.
It is often asked how a righteous nation can have the death penalty or even fight a defensive war if the sixth commandment is "Thou shalt not kill" (King James translation). That is why modern translations use the word murder. It is obvious that God gave the penalty of death for some crimes, including murder and adultery. In that case, under Government direction, a murderer would be killed. But murder is killing aside from Government or court direction, it is a person taking it upon themselves to kill (whether because of anger or for revenge). This is NOT to say that the death penalty is commanded for God for our nation today (although it was for the ancient nation of Israel).
So, here it is condensed to run them down (Protestant style):
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